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Today

 

Today, 12 billion condoms are sold every year in the world.
Two French aristocrats, the Prince de Bourbon and his partner the Count de Bizemont, decided to introduce a new kind of "sophisticated" condom that holds a "je ne sais quoi", so chic.
"We want to take the condom box and put it on the bedside table, without the need to shamely hid it away in some night table drawer."
C.E. de Bourbon Parme
"Condoms protect everyone from disease, ours protect from tackiness. "
G. de Bizemont
The origin of the word "condom" is still controversial: A legend which emerged during the Middle Ages claims that the origin of this name comes from the Latin word "condom", meaning "receptacle", "hidden", or "covered".
Quite interestingly, this is incorrect, since "receptacle" in Latin is "receptaculum", "hidden" is "occultus", and "cover" is "tego".
People in the Middle Age obviously had a somewhat peculiar understanding of Latin…
 

1941, World War II


During World War II, condoms were not only distributed to the U.S military, but were also heavily promoted thanks to films, posters, and lectures.
European and Asian militaries also provided their troops with condoms during the war. Even Nazi Germany did so, despite the fact that it outlawed all civilian use of condoms in 1941.
Partly because condoms were readily available, soldiers found a number of non-sexual uses for the devices, many of which are still used nowadays.
U.S. Army condoms were large, but were labeled “small” in order to intimidate the enemies into thinking that their opponents were more powerful.
 

1912, Julius Fromm

 
In 1912, a German named Julius Fromm developed a new and improved manufacturing technique for condoms: dipping glass moulds into a raw rubber solution. Called "cement-dipping", this method required adding gasoline or benzene to liquefy the rubber.
Latex condoms were invented in 1920, and required less labor than "cement-dipped" rubber condoms, which had to be smoothed by rubbing and trimming.
Latex condoms were also of better quality to consumer: they were stronger and thinner than rubber condoms, and had a five-year shelf life (compared to three months for rubber condoms).
In 1919, Frederick Killian initiated hand-dipping from natural rubber latex in Ohio. The latex condoms had the advantage of ageing less quickly and being thin and odorless.
 
 

1876, Latex in Southeast Asia

 
Latex products were already being processed in the 1870's (with many factories in the United States and Europe).
In 1876, the explorer Henry Wickham created the first rubber plantations in Ceylon, to compete with the monopoly of Brazil on the production of latex.
From then on, rubber plantations were developed across Southeast Asia.
 
 

1868, Victor Hugo

 
The classic rivalry between the English and the French about the condom history is interesting.
The French term for condom – capote anglaise – can be literally translated into "English hooded overcoat".
On the other hand the English call the condom "French letters".
In French Literature, the French term for "condom" appears in a famous reference about the house of Mr. Victor Hugo :
"Leon Daudet, who accompanied me and who attended the opening of the house of Hugo, said that the cabinets were stacked with "English Capotes" of huge size… and it was embarrassing to hide them in the presence of Mrs. Hugo… !"
 
 

1839, Charles Goodyear


Charles Goodyear manufactured the first modern rubber condoms, discovering the rubber vulcanization process.
At that time, the condom was not yet disposable. Indeed, condoms had a five-year guarantee! One needed to purchase a size above to compensate the shrinking occurring during washing.
 
 

1780, La Fayette


When the 19-year-old La Fayette came to the US in 1780, he brought with him cases full of French condoms designed for the patriots in order to protect themselves from venereal diseases which decimated the troops at rest.

He widely distributed these condoms (made of sheep guts), and he was the first to introduce their use in the New World.

The young man had a strong interest in medicine and health matters. Besides, he wrote a letter to George Washington about a German doctor, Franz Anton Mesmer, from Paris, in which he vaunted the merits of "magnetism".

Back in France, he became General Lieutenant of the Northern Armies. He noticed the ravages of sexual diseases among his men and organized a condom distribution for the troops. The ensuing bill was voted in the legislative assembly in June 1792.

Later on, Danton and Robespierre created another law in order to restrict the birth rate, thus decreasing the population and causing a much needed famine relief in Europe at that time.
 

1650, Charles de la Condamine


The French scientists Charles de la Condamine and François Fresnau were the first to discover the properties of the rubber tree, the hevea.
After this discovery, French chemists attempted to use this new material, called latex, to make condoms. However, vulcanization as we know it today was not invented, and raw latex was highly allergenic.
So the first latex condoms were not the decade’s best-sellers… Nevertheless, Charles de la Condamine’s name remains synonymous with the condom to this day.
With latex condoms still needing improvement, people continued to rely on condoms made of animal guts, a technique dating back to the Ancient Egyptians.
Documentation also suggests that the legendary womanizer Casanova was a regular user of this type of contraceptive device. He referred to condoms as redingote anglaise (meaning "English riding coat").
 
 

1561, Doctor Fallopio

 

An Italian doctor, Fallopio, wrote about the condom’s efficiency to protect from syphilis which was wreaking havoc in Italy.
He claimed to have invented a sheath made of linen, and he conducted clinical trials amongst 1,100 men using this condom. None of them became infected with syphilis.
 
 

1492, Christopher Colombus


During his second expedition to America, Christopher Colombus was the first European to encounter rubber.
He observed Haitians playing with a ball made of rubber, an unusual and unfamiliar material to him, but in fact commonly used in South America, since the time of the Incas, at least.
As seen on this engraved stone, on the left stand, there is an Inca ball player, and on the right a rubber ball bouncing on stadium tiers.
Hevea, the "parà rubber tree" from which latex is extracted, is a typical South American plant. It was not planted elsewhere in the world until centuries later.
 

3000 BC, The Egyptians


Condoms were undoubtedly in use in Egypt around 3000 BC. The Egyptian soldiers used sheep
guts to protect themselves from venereal diseases.
Penile sheaths, garments, and decorations appeared in the art and literature of various ancient civilizations such as Egypt, Greece, or India.